Sunday, November 21, 2010

Stazione Centrale - MILAN, Italy

Constructed in the early nineteen-thirties in the northern area of what was then a very peripheral area the "Stazio
ne Centrale", Milan's main railway station is one of the city's most important reference points both for metropolitan and suburban traffic. It is by far the busiest railway station in the city. The grandiose central railway station was opened in 1931 after almost 20 years of construction work. The "Stazione Centrale" was inaugurated on the 1st of July 1931 as the final stage of a programme begun in the last years of the nineteenth century, when the pertinent factors regarding the reorganization of the railways were analysed and outlined. In those times the city was completely surrounded by an iron ring "anello di ferro".

 This was a belt of railway track compromising development potential and creating a physical barrier to the city's expansion by blocking the incorporation of open spaces into the fabric of the city. To overcome this obstacle it was decided to create an overhead radial system of railway lines approaching the metropolitan area. As a consequence it was necessary to substitute the obsolete existing building with a new passenger station. In 1906 the first open competition was announced regarding only, however, designs for the façade of the passenger building. This proved inadequate and was followed in 1911 by a second public competition for designs to completely restructure the station according to guidelines laid down by the railway company's administration. They specified the desired planimetry and functional characteristics Three separate main levels were foreseen for the new building: goods and postal services on the underground floor while the ground floor was planned to give access and services to passengers, with train arrivals and departures from the floor above. The conspicuous size, functional and distributive complexity, plus the implied, marked, necessity to create a memorable structure did not facilitate the designers' task. The atmosphere of the time tended to require rather high-flown late eclectic projects. The winning design was by Ulisse Stacchini a Roman architect already well known for his work in Milan. The architectural choices aimed at transforming a building for travellers, which was also meant to be the biggest and most imposing in Europe, fell on classical gigantism at its most monumental. The designer drew on great ancient thermal environments as an inspiration, seeking the audacity and majesty of Roman constructions and the solemnity deriving from the use of marble and stone. In the interior of a recognizably Neo-classical façade Stacchini introduced a framework of more composite stylistic elements: on one hand Art Nouveau and a secessionist ascendant and on the other the subsequent achievement Art Deco. Different treatment was reserved for the Padiglione Reale (Royal pavilion) which was given a more traditional Neo-classical aspect. This was used by the king and his court and still exists today, overlooking the platform half way down the last track for stationary trains. There is direct access from piazza Duca d'Aosta. The imposing frontal mass of the Stazione Centrale bounds the northern side of piazza Duca d'Aosta. It is completely covered with "Aurisina" a type of stone coming from Duino Aurisina near Trieste. stand out, catching the eye, An abundance of relief models stand out from the façade catching the eye. These plastic decorations, which during the course of building work (1927-31) eventually resulted heavier than had been foreseen by Ulisse Stacchini in his original project of 1912, range between Art Nouveau and late eclecticism. Although it found favour with the general public the average traveller, who is usually in a hurry, tends to overlook the rather excessive architecture. To appreciate the positive aspects, or the most typical elements, one should look upwards at the winged animals on the façade of the lateral propylaeum giving onto piazza Luigi di Savoia. The sculpted medallions by Giannino Castiglioni in the "Galleria dei Transiti" at road level representing, Labour, Commerce Science and Agriculture are interesting, as are the panoramic city scenes of Milan, Venice, Rome, Florence, Bologna and Turin created using ceramic tiles in the "Galleria di Testa" near the railway lines. Numerous passageways lead to the "Galleria delle Carozze" which is a kind of arrivals and departures lobby and the very big ticket office. Two staircases and escalators go up to the "Galleria di Testa" and the trains. Massive details enrich the sides of the vaulted ceilings (according to a project by Alberto Fava) over the terminal railway lines. The five bay shaped ceiling sections in iron and glass, spanning the area, constitute the most important technical-structural feat found in the complex.

Constructing the World’s Largest Speakers as Skyscrapers in Urban Rome

eVolo | Architecture Magazine
The Soundscape Towers, the creation of Roman architects Alessandro Di ClementeMartina Mattiaand Carmen Pia Scarilli, are proposed for a very specific and historic location. Nestled into the dense urban fabric of the San Lorenza neighborhood of Rome will be three modern skyscrapers, and their design will not be entirely unwelcome, say the artchitects: though the neighborhood is part of the once walled-in old city, the building stock today is a mixture of history and modernity as much of the town was bombed in WWII (and subsequently rebuilt).
San Lorenza is located near the busiest train station in southern Italy and is home to the largest university campus in Europe, giving the towers a diverse array of community needs to meet. The architects studied the estimated growth rate of the region to calculate the use of the towers. Each tower has a different blend of units within: the buildings house a mixture of offices, student and family housing, commercial spaces for shops, restaurants and pubs, post offices, pharmacies, museums, theaters, a library, and relaxation areas, such as parks and sport fields. The towers are all accessible from the ground, but are also connected to one another with “sinusoidal bands.”
The towers also serve another purpose: they both absorb and dampen urban noise, and transmit is as well, as if giant speakers. The concept, say the authors, is to filter the urban noise pollution into serene sounds city dwellers wish to hear, to rework startling sirens and alarms into harmonic sound waves.
Using the ideas of energy transmission, sound wave traveling and complex geometry, Di Clemente, Mattia and Scarilli have created towers that help make urban life more peaceful for residents of the San Lorenza neighborhood both inside the buildings and out.

ANTHONY QUINN & MIKIS THEODORAKIS -A unique meeting...!!!!!



Let's look at the meeting of two great men in a dance that is remembered, as ZORBAS
Keep these unique artistic moments in your heart to look at next generation.

                                The Movie

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