Wednesday, January 5, 2011

Herzog & de Meuron - VitraHaus Weil am Rhein, Germany


Herzog & de Meuron
VitraHaus

Weil am Rhein, Germany

posted by http://www.arcspace.com 


“Just as interior and exterior spaces interpenetrate, so do two types of forms: the orthogonal-polygonal, as perceived from the exterior, and the organic, which produces a series of spatial surprises in the interior, a “secret world” with a suggestive, almost labyrinthine character.”
Herzog & de Meuron


                                                                Photo © Iwan Baan



The concept of the VitraHaus connects two themes that appear repeatedly in the oeuvre of Herzog & de Meuron: the theme of the archetypal house and the theme of stacked volumes. In Weil am Rhein, it was especially appropriate to return to the idea of the ur-house, since the primary purpose of the five-story building is to present furnishings and objects for the home.
The individual “houses,” which have the general characteristics of a display space, are conceived as abstract elements. Stacked into a total of five stories and cantilevered up to fifteen meters in some places, the twelve houses, whose floor slabs intersect the underlying gables, create a three-dimensional assemblage - a pile of houses that, at first glance, has an almost chaotic appearance. The charcoal color of the exterior stucco skin unifies the structure, “earthes” it and connects it to the surrounding landscape.

                                                                 Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                                  Photo © Iwan Baan
With just a few exceptions, only the gable ends are glazed, and the structural volumes seem to have been shaped with an extrusion press. As one discovers on the path through the VitraHaus, the directional orientation of the houses is hardly arbitrary, but is determined by the views of the surrounding landscape.

                                                                Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                                    Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                               Photo © Iwan Baan
Like a small, vertically layered city, the VitraHaus functions as an entryway to the Campus. A wooden plank floor defines an open central area, around which five buildings are grouped: a conference area, an exhibition space for the chair collection of the Vitra Design Museum and a conglomerate comprising the Vitra Design Museum Shop, the lobby with a reception area and cloakroom, and a caf矇 with an outdoor terrace for summer use.

                                                                  Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                                    Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                                   Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                              Photo © Iwan Baan
The complexity of the interior space arises not only from the angular intersection of the individual houses but also from the integration of a second geometrical concept. All of the staircases are integrated into expansive, winding organic volumes that figuratively eat their way through the various levels of the building like a worm, sometimes revealing fascinating visual relationships between the various houses, at other times blocking the view. The interior walls are finished in white in order to give priority to the furniture displays.

                                                                 Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                             Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                               Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                                    Photo © Iwan Baan
The VitraHaus has a daytime view and a night time view. In the evening, the perspective is reversed. During the day, one gazes out of the VitraHaus into the landscape, but when darkness falls, the illuminated interior of the building glows from within, while its physical structure seems to dissipate. The rooms open up; the glazed gable ends turn into display cases that shine across the Vitra Campus and into the surrounding countryside.

                                                              Photo © Iwan Baan

                                                              Photo © Iwan Baan
With maximum dimensions of 57 meters in length, 54 meters in width and 21.3 meters in height, the VitraHaus rises above the other buildings on the Vitra Campus. The deliberate intention was not to create a horizontal building, the common type for production facilities, but rather a vertically oriented structure with a small footprint, which grants an overview in multiple senses: an overview of the surrounding landscape and the factory premises, but also an overview of the Home Collection

                                                  Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Site Plan

                                            Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Plan Level One

                                                     Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Plan Level Two

                                                      Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Plan Level Three

                                                      Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Plan Level Four

                                                   Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Section

                                                  Drawing © Herzog & de Meuron
Section
Site Area 12,349 square meters
Building Footprint: 1,324 square meters

Completed: 2010
Client: Vitra Verwaltungs GmbH
Architects: Herzog & de Meuron
Project Team Partners:
Jacques Herzog
Pierre de Meuron
Wolfgang Hardt
Project Architects:
Guillaume Delemazure
Charlotte von Moos,
Thomasine Wolfensberger
Project Team:
Katharina Rasshofer
Harald Schmidt
Sara Secci
Nicolas Venzin
Isabel Volkmar
Thomas Wyssen
Construction Management: Krebser und Freyle
Construction: Mayer Baehrle Freie Architekten BDA,
Structural Engineering: ZPF Ingenieure AG
Landscape: August K羹nzel Landschaftsarchitekten AG
Engineering: Krebser und Freyler

Photographed by Iwan Baan
Herzog & de Meuron arcspace features

Herzog & de Meuron - VitraHaus Weil am Rhein, Germany

The Homo Erectus sailed to Crete


Water travels in the Mediterranean were tens of thousands of years before the Neolithic era. The skills and knowledge of the man of those early times was much greater than we imagine.











In conclusion it has reached an interdisciplinary research team of Plakias Crete Preveli and the discoveries of the years 2008-2009, which has since been studied. So their research included in the ten most important discoveries of 2010, according to the international scientific journal «Archaeology».


The interest in this research is that conclusively identified evidence of habitation on Crete before the Neolithic period (7000-3000 BC), which was not known until now despite the lengthy investigation of Cretan prehistory. Witnesses for the hospitable man Cretan earth is the Paleolithic tools found in caves and embankments precipitated namely elevated marine terraces, which geologists dating to 130,000 years.Given that Crete is not accessible by land over 5 million years, it can only be assumed that the people who made these tools arrived there by sea.When launched in 2008 to survey the area of Plakias, southern Crete, the research team led by Thomas Strasser (American School of Classical Studies) and Eleni Panagopoulos (Ephorate Paleoanthropology-Speleology of Southern Greece) is not hoped to find only residues Mesolithic (10000-7000 BC). He discovered, however, with the Mesolithic and Palaeolithic sites, the main ones found in the gorge Preveli dating from 130,000 to 700,000 years ago. 


The Palaeolithic sites were in caves which were the sea. Today, due to tectonic changes, located in the hinterland.The precise dating of the finds are the subject of study, conducted at laboratories in the United States. "The data for those periods upset ever," said Eleni Panagopoulos.Indicates delighted to distinguish which was available to the research team from the archaeological magazine. But notes that "the thrill of the moment of discovery is insurmountable."Surveys, of course, will continue in other parts of the island with sponsorship of international institutions as the Ministry of Culture has currently no such capability. The archaeologists hope sometime YPPOT have to allocate some money for the Paleolithic.

Previously she and her professor ranelic Mesolithic remains were found at various locations in the Aegean. Their interest turned to Crete to study a particular model of recovery palaeoenvironment. Besides the research programs, outside-palaeoantropologist by archaeologists, geologists and participants and experts in plant residues.The first year in 2008, researched in collaboration with Professor Ketris ranelic-coastal zone from the plate to the Saint Paul and found Mesolithic tools. The next year, when returned, they 
found layers of quartz tools.
"We looked Paleolithic, so it was just, as demonstrated by the dating of rocks," says Mr. Panagopoulos. "The tools (handaxes and axes) refer to Achelaia cultural tradition, which is associated with homo and homo chaintelmpergkensis erektous (branches of Homo Sapiens). And since it was Crete island, is the oldest evidence of early shipping internationally.The next step would be the search tools Mesolithic excavation methods. Why are offered "more precise dating. Therefore, the investigation of the Paleolithic Crete in relation to the first inhabitant of the island has just begun. .
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