Sunday, December 4, 2011

25 Abandoned Yugoslavia Monuments that look like they're from the Future

These structures were commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and 70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place (like Tjentište, Kozara and Kadinjača), or where concentration camps stood (like Jasenovac and Niš). They were designed by different sculptors (Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, to name a few) and architects (Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković...), conveying powerful visual impact to show the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. In the 1980s, these monuments attracted millions of visitors per year, especially young pioneers for their "patriotic education." After the Republic dissolved in early 1990s, they were completely abandoned, and their symbolic meanings were forever lost.
From 2006 to 2009, Kempenaers toured around the ex-Yugoslavia region (now Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc.) with the help of a 1975 map of memorials, bringing before our eyes a series of melancholy yet striking images. His photos raise a question: can these former monuments continue to exist as pure sculptures? On one hand, their physical dilapidated condition and institutional neglect reflect a more general social historical fracturing. And on the other hand, they are still of stunning beauty without any symbolic significances.
Petrova Gora
Ilirska Bistrica
Sanski Most

Mixed-Use Complex- Moshe Safdie and Associates, Chongqing,China

Safdie Architects to design waterside mixed-use complex in Chongqing, China

Images were released today of an imposing new project from Safdie Architects, headed by practice founder and esteemed architect Moshe Safdie. The 10 million sq ft mixed-use complex will be located right on the waterfront at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers and is spearheaded by developers CapitaLand, CapitaMalls Asia, and Singbridge.
The immense scheme - which bears more than a little resemblance to Safdie’s previous Marina Bay Sands project in Singapore - will be formed of a series of soaring towers linked by a suspended garden bridge. In contrast to Marina Bay Sands’ three glittering pillars, Safdie’s latest creation comprises six key columns - two identical towers in the centre and two shorter towers in a semicircular arc on either side.
The two larger columns will be home to serviced residences, a hotel, private residential units, and commercial space while the four shorter towers will be fully residential. A garden bridge linking the four central columns will offer stunning views both towards the city and across the rivers, and will be the central location for the complex’s restaurants and hotel lobby.
In total the scheme is due to cost $3.1bn and will be another shimmering symbol of China’s rapid architectural progress over the past few years. Safdie Architects has deliberately sought to reference Chongqing’s local history in its design, inspired by the area’s connections with the shipping trade. As the city’s initial dock area on the Yangtze River, the project site is prominent on the shipping highway and the design studio has deliberately referenced this in the gentle curve of the six towers which are ‘placed in a prow-like arc’.
Each individual pillar bends slightly towards a central public park at the base like sails in a gusty sea breeze, with shimmering glass facades facing out across the water to the north. There are also plans to create hubs for land and water transportation, including ferry docking and landscaped boardwalks, and a series of cultural facilities such as a theatre and conference centre will be inserted further up the towers.

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