Wednesday, January 4, 2012

São Paio House / Materia Arquitectónica

© Alberto Mora

By Catalina Gutierrez
POSTED IN: Architecture, Interior Renovations and Additions, Detached House, Portuguese Architecture, Wood, Architectural Matter

Architects: Architectural Matters - Gustavo Carmona & Lisa Beltran
Location: Famalicao, Portugal
Contributors: John Walls, Denise Hantusch, Hugo White, Laura Demichelis, Fernanda Resendiz
Construction: Maia Irmaos LTD
Structural and Facilities: Arqueuro
Joint Recovery Project: Arqueuro - Arturo Sosa architect Carlos Guimaraes Lopes Barbosa +
Woodworking: Antolisa Carpintaria
Built area: 330 m2
Project Year: 2011
Photo: Alberto Mora
The project deals with the condition of a structure 300 years old which had to respect the most part and use the same materials to rebuild the weakened elements. The design aims to create modulated tours through thresholds that mark changes of light and texture of materials.

© Alberto Mora
It was decided the use of local materials with a contemporary expression but without neglecting its traditional nature. The public area of the house, located under a wooden deck with double height, opted to avoid conventional walls as dividers of spaces. The strategy was the creation of container volumes of service or support functions such as kitchen, bathroom, museum and a personal gym.
In this way the wooden roof acts as a veil that gives a sense of continuity gaps that remain between the volumes, which are occupied spaces to the "living": living room, office and studio. Similarly, the provision creates volumes that appear visually different shots around the house as you, alluding to the sense of surprise and encounter typical Portuguese alleys.

The set itself design is particularly emphasize the conditions of the joints and edges to delimit the beginning of the envelope materials and volumes. The elements of the new project keep a separation of the ancient walls, and its exceptions, they do it with a board denoting this approach. This integration is achieved respectful of the old with the the current.

A private area of the bedroom is separated by a portal in the original granite wall, which acts as a transition from bright to dim light above and the intimate. Access is via a flight of uneven development that creates breaks that highlight the presence of light and dark moments along the way. Ancient granite walls enclose the space of the rooms and the separation of these with the stair hall is achieved with the appearance of a wall which in turn contains the storage areas of the bedrooms (closets).

On the exterior the granite was used instead to form an entrance courtyard with a ladder and a pond lined with an area of aromatic plants. For access to the garden from the living room and dining room were placed two bodies of water with a wooden deck. Throughout, the project is presented as a game of contrasts between the geometries and materials, where the light is enabled as a mediator of the experiences and special moments in the house.

The house is composed of the original structure of the Quinta, based on granite walls 80 cm thick. The walls had structural weaknesses had to be demolished and re-run respecting their original axes but can change the location of windows. The new exterior walls were made of masonry with concrete beams and castles and coated on the outside of granite slabs thinner. Among the granite wall and the exterior masonry wall was placed inside a special insulation.

The roofs of the mezzanine levels had to be demolished and were made again in concrete. The public area of the roof had to be re-built using the same structural system of wood beams.

The slab is composed of a lightweight system that integrates in a single panel of wood stave roof inward, followed by a thermal insulator and finally a layer of MDF for outdoor receiving traditional clay tile made ​​in the region. The materials of the structure by regulation should be the same as the Quinta used 300 years ago.


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